Immigrant Oral Histories

Woonspe Wikcemna Noŋpa Som Noŋpa: Pastimes and Hobbies

Dena wakuwa waŝte wadaka. Dena wakuwa waŝte wadaka., These hobbies are what I like
Ŝuŋka waŝte wadaka. Ŝuŋka waŝte wadaka., I like the dog.
Woyute waŝte dakapi Woyute waŝte dakapi, They like the food.
Ŝuŋka waŝte wadaka ŝni. Ŝuŋka waŝte wadaka ŝni., I don’t like the dog.
Nina woyute waŝte dakapi. Nina woyute waŝte dakapi., They really like the food.


Wadake Wadake, I think.
Yadake Yadake, You think.
Dake Dake, S/He/It thinks.
Uŋdake Uŋdake, You and I think.
Uŋdakapi Uŋdakapi, We think.
Yadakapi Yadakapi, All of you think.
Dakapi Dakapi, They think.


Waŝtewadake Waŝtewadake, I like.
Waŝteyadake Waŝteyadake, You like.
Waŝtedake Waŝtedake, S/He/It likes.
Waŝteuŋdake Waŝteuŋdake, You and I like.
Waŝteuŋdakapi Waŝteuŋdakapi, We like.
Waŝteyadakapi Waŝteyadakapi, All of you like.
Waŝtedakapi Waŝtedakapi, They like.

Selected U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 commemoration projects and programs are made possible by the Legacy Amendment's Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund, through the vote of Minnesotans on November 4, 2008.